The system of capital gains tax (CGT) for individuals and trustees changed radically from 6 April 2008. The changes included the abolition of taper relief and indexation allowance and the introduction of a single rate of CGT of 18%.
In response to pressure from the business community the Chancellor introduced a new ‘Entrepreneurs’ Relief’ which has the effect that the first £1m of gains qualifying for relief will be charged at an effective rate of 10%.
Gains in excess of £1m will be charged at 18%. An individual will be able to make more than one claim for relief, up to a lifetime total of £1m of gains.
The new relief is broadly based on the system which applied before taper relief, Retirement Relief, which some of you may remember. The rules for Retirement Relief required you to have been in business for a number of years but the new rules are designed to be simpler:
- there is no minimum age limit, and
- relief is generally available where the relevant conditions are met for a period of one year.
The relief will apply to gains arising on:
- the disposal of the whole, or part, of a trading business that is carried on by the individual, either alone or in partnership,
- a subsequent disposal of assets in use in the business at the time of the cessation of the business; and
- the disposal of shares in a trading company, or holding company of a trading group, provided that the individual owns broadly a 5% shareholding and has been an officer or employee of the company.
In addition, certain disposals by trustees may qualify, as well as disposals which are associated with other disposals.
HMRC have amended their internal guidance to give further clarification of exactly when the relief will be due.
Please do get in touch if you would like any clarification of the rules and how they will apply in your circumstances.
Source: Updated HMRC guidance